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Home » Leatherjacket grubs can destroy your lawn! - Lawnscience Blog

Leatherjacket grubs can destroy your lawn!

Leatherjackets are one of the most devastating lawn pests found in the UK, literally eating their way through an entire lawn. A severe leatherjacket attack will mean that your lawn has to be entirely replaced … which could cost thousands! Read on to learn how to spot them and how to deal with these potentially troublesome pests if you spot them in your lawn.

What are leatherjackets?

A crane fly (Tipula oleracea) or

A crane fly (Tipula oleracea) or “Daddy long-legs” CC image by Keith Laverack on Flickr

Leatherjacket grubs are the larval stage of a species of crane fly called tipula oleracea, which is commonly known as the daddy-long-legs.

These curious, clumsy insects are often seen flying around our gardens in late summer and early autumn, bumbling along the ground, getting trapped behind glass windows and flying into our faces when we least expect it!

Unfortunately for them, their lives are very short as adults, with their only aim being to find a mate and lay their eggs for the next generation. They don’t even have any mouth-parts to eat food, so pose no threat to veg or plants. As soon as their energy has been expended, often in less than a day, they expire.

If they are lucky enough to find a mate, the females will fly low to the ground and lay her eggs in the soil (or your lawn), starting the crane fly cycle again.

Just a few weeks later the eggs will hatch into the infamous leatherjacket grub, which will quickly begin to feast on the roots of the plants found around them. They then reduce their activity in the winter due to the cold, but start up again in the spring, voraciously eating their way through the roots in the soil, killing any smaller plants, such as the humble grass plant.

How can you spot leatherjacket grubs in your lawn?

A selection of leatherjacket grubs

A selection of leatherjacket grubs

Finding out if you have a leatherjacket infection in your lawn is quite simple and you only need a small pocket knife and good knees!

Firstly, have a general look at the lawn and see if you see any patches of obviously dead grass that seem rather out of place and randomly distributed. Then, get down on the ground and have a closer look. First thing to do is to grab a handful of grass and try to pull it up. Healthy grass will not budge, being held in place by the roots. Grass subjected to a grub attack will come away easily, almost like a carpet. With no roots to hold the grass to the ground, the lawn will die suddenly.

Next step is to dig into the lawn and have a look to try to identify a grub. This is important as the remedy will be different to the type of grub found. In the UK you are only likely to encounter leatherjackets, chafer grubs or wireworms. In summary; wireworms are thin and orange, chafer grubs are white, usually curled up in a ‘C’ shape with a black head and leatherjackets are darker coloured, straight and can be over 2cm long.
I found a selection of leatherjackets in a lawn last year and made this short video of one of them wriggling around:

What damage can leatherjackets do to your lawn?

The damage a leatherjacket infestation can do to a lawn can be devastating

The damage a leatherjacket infestation can do to a lawn can be devastating

In large numbers, leatherjackets can be a very destructive lawn pest, completely destroying a lawn to such a degree that it the grass can be rolled off like a carpet! Such a severe attack is unusual, but even lighter damage can dramatically affect the look of your lawn and can lead to expensive repairs.

The best way to deal with any possible infection is to make sure that it doesn’t get out of hand. Just one or two leatherjackets in a lawn will barely be noticed, but it’s when the they appear in large numbers that you should be concerned and preventative action should be taken as soon as possible.

How can you control leatherjackets?

The only way to control a leatherjacket infection effectively is to control the grub numbers in the soil. There are a number of different methods to control them and, like most garden pests, the best control is to use several methods rather than just relying on one.

  • Get help from the birds! – Our feathered friends in the garden love a nice fat juicy grub for dinner, and leatherjackets are just the ticket. Unfortunately the grubs prefer to hide underground, and the birds will happily tear up your lawn to get to them. However, you can encourage them to the surface for the birds to pick off. Simply wait until a wet day (when the grubs move through the soil more easily) then lay some black plastic over the lawn overnight. When you remove it the next day the grubs will be on the surface and will be a nice breakfast for the birds.
  • Nemetodes! – This is a relatively new organic treatment which utilises the effect of parasitic nematode worm called Steinernema feltiae for the treatment of leatherjackets. These have to be applied carefully, at the right time and in the correct conditions, but they are a great natural remedy to these lawn pests.
  • Insecticide treatment – Unfortunately, effective leatherjacket insecticide treatments are expensive and difficult to find for the home-owner. However, I am licensed to apply a suitable chemical which is proven to be very effective at treating these difficult grubs, and I would be happy to discuss a Lawnscience leatherjacket lawn treatment for your lawn.

Some sources also recommend rolling your lawn to compact the soil, preventing leatherjackets from moving through it and feeding, however I strongly DO NOT recommend this for a domestic lawn, as the resulting damage caused by compacting the soil will be just as bad as a leatherjacket attack! Rolling a lawn is never recommended.

For more information and advice about your lawn, or to book a free lawn survey, please don’t hesitate to get in touch.

Kris Lord
Lawnscience (South Manchester) Ltd


51 Responses to Leatherjacket grubs can destroy your lawn!

  1. Karen says:

    Hello Kris,
    Having read your article and the online posts, i could not see anything which related to my problem, my lawn at the moment appears to be fine, the first thing i noticed was that i was getting quite a few starlings coming and having a bit of a frenzy on my lawn pecking like mad,i then noticed what appear to be the casings (as your top picture)sticking up on the lawn, they look dry and empty, and have had lots of daddy longlegs flying around the outside of the house lately. Does this mean that the leatherjackets have hatched and gone and my lawn should be ok?, do i need to treat?, will they come back? what should i do next.
    Thank you for your help

    • Kris Lord says:

      Hi Karen, Yes these will be the moulted skins from the leather jacket larvae which they shed as they emerge. The starlings will have been eating the insects for dinner, doing you a favour! The pest will have flown now, so unless you lawn needs repairing, I would just continue with your usual lawn care routine. Thanks for reading!

  2. Martin says:

    Hi Kris,

    I’ve in the last 2 weeks had a problem with crows pecking lots of holes in my lawn which along with some other symptoms like patches of yellow grass that have been there all summer that I put down to dehydration (despite watering weekly when dry), internet research has led me to believe I’ve either leatherjack or grub in my lawn – which is the best way of determining which I have before purchasing treatment? (which looks like nematodes at the moment)

    Any help greatly appreciated

    • Kris Lord says:

      Hi Martin, To identify which grub you have, grab a penknife or old kitchen chopping knife, and dig a small circle at the edge of the affected areas. Pull out the plug of turf and have a look through the under soil to see if you can positively identify the grubs in your lawn. They should be quite easy to find and if your grass is being affected, you will probably have quite a lot! Thanks for reading. Kris

  3. Eliza Jones says:

    Hi, we have a severe leatherjacket infestation and have no grass left. We live in a new build and the developers have agreed to install drainage, treat the leatherjackets, rotovate & returf. They have booked 1-2 days to carry out the work (dependent on how long it takes them apparently; they may not need the second day) so they obviously plan to to carry out the work directly after treating the ground and I am concerned about whether they should wait before laying new turf?

    • Kris Lord says:

      Hi Eliza, Property developers are generally not lawn care experts. If you want the job done properly, call in a good local lawn care company.

  4. Claire says:

    Hi Kris
    I am on a new build & the lawn has always had poor drainage, which is something I have taken up with the builders. They are now telling me I have an infestation & so it is not their responsibility. Please can you tell me would having a lawn laid with very poor drainage contributed to the likely hood of this infestation happening ?
    Many thanks

    • Kris Lord says:

      Hi Claire,
      The infestation was probably brought in on the turf that was laid and has nothing to do with poor drainage.
      Thanks for reading.

  5. Hayley says:


    I live on a new build estate and most of the gardens have leatherjackets, some gardens being worse than others with barely any grass left. My neighbours and I have all recently purchased nematodes and are currently awaiting delivery.

    THe gardens have very poor drainage and we are awaiting a response from the builder on this but if we were to get someone to professionally treat our gardens what type of company do we need to be looking for? Do you know of any in the West Cumbria area?

    Also, if I treated my garden but one of the neighbours decides not to treat that make my treatment pointless?

    • Kris Lord says:

      Hi Hayley, I would look for an independant lawn treatment company. They should be of help. I’m sorry, I don’t know anyone in West Cumbria. Leatherjackets are an annual pest, so one garden could get it one year, and not the next so it is just one of those things I’m afraid.
      Thanks for reading.
      Kris Lord

    • Wendy says:

      I am in a new build in west Cumbria and we have the exact same problem. Did you find a solution?

  6. Sarah Smith says:

    Hi Kris
    I have today discovered my lawn is infested with leatherjackets. My local lawn company who fertilised the lawn said there is nothing they can do. Can I treat with Nematodes now? I have 2 small boys who live outside on the lawn and don’t want a boggy mess for them to play on in the summer months! Also if I reseed now will the leatherjackets just eat all the new grass roots?
    Many thanks

    • Kris Lord says:

      Hi Sarah, Nematodes do have a very small window for effective control of Leatherjackets (warm, moist soil, just before rain). They also work best when the larvae are young, so it may not be effective this late on in the life-cycle. For more information see the Nemasys information pages.
      I would recommend getting the pest under control before repairing.
      Thanks for reading.

  7. Louise says:

    Hi – I had a new lawn laid two years ago and there is literally only about 20% of it left due to leatherjackets destruction. I have greenthumb regularly and they came and had a look and said that they did not know how to treat it – I was shocked, especially after reading some of the threads on here about getting advice from lawn specialists. What can I do now?

    • Kris Lord says:

      That is a shame about your local lawn treatment company. I would not lose hope as there are a great many independent lawn care specialists who maybe able to help. Have a look at applying a nematode treatment which can be purchased online, then the grass can be re-levelled and re-seeded as needed. Thanks for reading, Kris, Lawnscience

  8. mark says:

    Hi Kris , live in new build house with garden , which was laid by builder last feb, the lawn has now almost all gone , when we have a lot of rain , our patio full of grubs , which I now presume leather jackets, if treated will our lawn come back or do we now have to either re-turf or seed. many thanks

    • Kris Lord says:

      Leatherjackets are only an annual pest, so if repaired the lawn should come back and will look great. Simply repair the damaged areas with topsoil and re-seed with a good quality modern rye-grass. Thanks for reading! Kris

  9. Sue Hawker says:

    Hi Kris I live in Weymouth lawn is now in its 3 yr. last year we discovered Leather jackets so much so that our entire lawn was distroyed. We treated with Nematodes following when & how to apply. The lawn did recover. But now again the same but we have no grass at all just soil do you recommend we retreat again with Nematodes or try another way.

    • Kris Lord says:

      Hi Sue, I would recommend getting it looked at by a reputable lawn care technician, as they will be able to advise and apply treatments that are not available to yourselves.
      Thanks for looking.
      Kris Lord

      • Sue Hawker says:

        Hi kris thanks for your reply I will try your advice & hope with sucses. Many thanks

        • Martyn says:

          Hi sue I’m in weymouth too and my lawn has been completely smash by the little blighters. Have you found someone local to sort your problem?
          Would be very interested to know
          Kind regards

          • Karen says:

            I’m in Weymouth too and my lawn has vanished, the lawn was only new 2 years ago. This has also happened to a family member and to a friend!
            Did you find anyone local who could help?

  10. Tom says:


    I have just laided 2 new strips of turf the lenght of my garden about 20ft long, the grass is growing well and taken to the soil but I have found about 10 – 20 leatherjackets in the new lawn, what would your next course of action be? treat these or just see what happens? I have ordered the nemasys stuff to try



  11. Paul says:

    Morning Kris, I am in Manchester. We have Greenthumb who attend our lawn every few months, who confirmed that he thought we had Leatherjackets (never had them before), I had noticed that it was starting to go bald in a few of areas of the lawn, where overall, in the past, the condition of the lawn is/has been not perfect but reasonable. I dug up 3 large spadefuls of lawn (almost a full barrowful) last weekend and rummaged around and found only 3 grubs similiar to the ones further up on this page that, I would say were Leatherjackets. I tried covering part of the lawn overnight to draw them up as your article suggests, nothing. Greenthumb wants to treat them with a spray, which is fine,but is this necessary given the lifespan of these creatures, I mean have they finished their “thing” now, because we were thinking seriously of having a new lawn, that would be dug out a few inches into the soil anyway? Thanks for your help,

    • Kris Lord says:

      Hi Paul,
      You should only spray an insecticide once you have positively identified the pest you are treating. If you have only found one or two, then it may not be worth treating and there maybe some other cause to the browning of your lawn.
      This winter has been quite wet and I have seen a lot of lawns turning yellow just through lack of nutrients.
      Hope this helps, Thanks for reading!

    • Paul says:

      Hi Kris, thanks for the reply, we have no browning or yellowing of the turf, parts of the lawn are now large patches of soil (like your picture above), the grubs we dug up were leatherjackets. Do you think it would be safe to re-turf/re-seed the area without treating? thanks,

  12. louise says:

    Help. My beautiful lawn that was the nicest on the street now looks like straw. The dead areas have spread and when it rains, there are noticeable exit holes through the dead grass. Are these leather jacket larvae? I’m in a new build house.

    • Kris Lord says:

      Hi Louise,
      Impossible to say I’m afraid … However Leatherjackets are only small (3cm long) so I don’t think they’ll be responsible for visible holes in the soil!

  13. Maggie. Barr says:

    I think I have leather jackets attacking my lawn. I live in Birmingham. Is there someone locally that can help and advice me. My lawn is in a real mess. Would appreciate your help.

  14. Rich Clark says:

    Dear Kris, I have read all the postings on this forum. We currently use a lawn care company. A couple of years ago they told us they suspected leather jackets were spoiling our lawn. The company wanted £35 on top of our regular £35 per quarter to treat them. They did the ‘plastic sheet test’ but that was inconclusive. They also suggested the possibility that the lawn was water-starved. We aerated the lawn (with detergent mixed) and the lawn greened up beautifully. This year we had to remove some turf and found underneath…. leather jackets!! Not a dense population, but approximately 2 or 3 per square yard. Is there a method of treatment that would come in cheaper than the £35 my lawn care specialists would charge?

    • Kris Lord says:

      Hi Mr. Clark,
      Leatherjacket treatments cannot be bought over the counter any more so there is no “cheap alternative”.
      £35 for treating what sounds like a sizeable lawn, with a licensed product by a trained professional sounds about right.
      Thanks for reading.

  15. Kevin says:

    Hi, I have recently moved to a new build property and there are many people being affected by leather jackets. My lawn appears to be in good shape at the moment. There are a lot of crane flies about. How do I make sure it doesn’t happen to mine?



    • Kris Lord says:

      Hi Kevin,
      The best way to be sure is to employ the services of a reputable lawn care service and they will be able to advise and treat as required.
      Thanks for reading!

  16. Nick says:

    My lawn started to die back around the edges from the end of last year… I tried just reseeding but the birds were helping themselves to too much of the seed. So today I dug up a section to return and found a number of these leatherjackets… I am now worried the turf I have laid will not take.
    I live in Worcestershire.
    How can I get rid of them and get my lawn back?

  17. Nicky Davies says:

    Hi there,

    We are in the midst of a huge infestation that has killed the entire lawn. As we live in a new build property the house builder is treating. He has killed all the grubs with pesticide but is now suggesting re-seeding. I would rather dig up and re turf with good quality turf. Which is the best approach? How long approx would re-seeding take to establish?


    • Kris Lord says:

      Hi Nicky,

      I always recommend re-seeding rather than re-turfing. Not only is it much cheaper, you can also choose the best grass for your lawn and it will grow into into a much stronger, healthier lawn.
      A little bit of patience is needed, but you will be rewarded.

      Hope it goes well, thanks for reading.


  18. david friend says:

    Hi , I have leatherjackets in the backgarden, it was wet lastnight and I swept about 200 up off the patio, ive read so many differant reamdies, just need to know the BEST way to get rid of them for good, I have a dog and 2 young girls that uses the garden aswell, please help.

  19. kevin says:

    Hi Kris,

    We laid some new turf last October and since then we have had a problem with what we believed to be fusarium. Over the winter the grass has just slowly died which we put down to the fusarium. Today we went to seed the grass in the hope that we may get some grass before the summer but found that there were leatherjackets all over the place. The turf that we laid will come up quite easily due to the fact that the roots are dead/eaten so in your opinion, would we be better to take the turf up and throw it away and then treat the leatherjackets? We also have a 4 year old and two cats and have read that some treatments can be very toxic to humans and animals.

    Any professional advice would be very welcome.

    Thank you.


    • Kris Lord says:

      Hi Kevin,

      I would recommend getting your local lawn care technician in to have a look at it and advise on the best course of action.



  20. Martin Jordan says:

    Hi Kris, my mother’s lawn has been severely infested by leatherjackets and she has virtually lost the lawn. She has had the leatherjackets all killed by a professional company. My question is that she lives in a small clued sac, and whilst her front and back lawns are destroyed, her neighbours look untouched, how can this be? Thanks in advance, Martin.

    • Kris Lord says:

      Hi Martin,
      This is quite common. An individual crane fly can lay up to 300 eggs in one lawn, so you only need one or two individuals to find the lawn for it to be completely devastated the following spring, and the neighbours lawns to be seemingly completely untouched.
      It is a shame, but that’s how nature works I’m afraid!
      Thanks for reading.

  21. Hi,
    I have just taken over at this golf course and have had reports of a massive hatch of daddy long legs in August leaving behind the schucks of the hatch. I have noticed some small yellow patches but can this damage be so soon after egg laying ? If there has been a large hatch and no damage was visible during the last growing year could I assume that it was not as bad as reported and does the black bin bag trick work over one night as you can appreciate I can’t leave black bins bags all over the course thanks in advance by the way our course is run by a volunteer force we have only one paid staff member we are a rather small club giving play and pay to the older generation that cant afford big golf fees and for that matter big paid green keepers

    • Kris Lord says:

      Hi Bob,
      I only cover domestic lawn maintenance as the management of the turf on a golf course is very different indeed.
      I suggest you have a look at the forums over at pitchcare, as they are professional groundsmen who will be able to help you with your dilemma.
      Thanks for reading

  22. Jean Atkinson says:

    Hi Chris,I live in North Yorkshire and sem to have a problem with large mud casts in my lawn causeing ded patches.Someone has said that these are caused by leatherjackets rather than worms. How can I tell which it is?
    regards Jean

    • Kris Lord says:

      Hi Jean,

      Leatherjackets do not produce soil casts, as they eat matter within the soil, so it’s probably worms.
      Casts can get quite large … just brush them away on a dry day.

      Thanks for reading!


  23. Bonnie says:

    Hi Kris, I am inundated with leatherjackets on my entire lawn. I live in Toronto Canada. Can you please help me? What can I use? Are there any homemade remedies?

    • Kris Lord says:

      Sorry, I don’t live in Canada and can’t advise on treating lawns overseas. I recommend you contact your local lawn care service.


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